Haymarket Affair Digital Collection

Illinois vs. August Spies et al. trial evidence book. People's Exhibit 92.
Arbeiter-Zeitung (Newspaper) article, untitled, 1886 Apr. 26

2 p.
Introduced into evidence during testimony of Eugene Seeger (Vol. K p. 701-720), 1886 July 31.
Transcript of translation of article.

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[Image, People's Exhibit 92, Page 1]


April 26th.

A report of a mass-meeting on the lake shore.

The speakers were Parsons, Schwab, Randa, Fielden and A. Spies.

Schwab said:

"To-day is Easter day. Our fathers and grandfathers celebrated this day as the day of resurrection of nature, this Saviour since time immemorial. The working men of Chicago also celebrate to-day their resurection. They are resurrected from their laziness, resurrected from their indifference in which they have remained so long; they have perceived what they may achieve if they go hand in hand. From the first of May we will work eight hours a day. The working men want this, and wanting it is having it, if the desire is based on power. The working men are powerful if they are united. No force is able to withstand the power of labor. Therefore, also in future let us be a united solid army. Unite with your Unions, never desert them, for also to retain the achievement unity is necessary. Everywhere police and murderers are employed to grind down working men. For every working man who has died through the pistol of a deputy sheriff let ten of those executioners fall. Arm yourselves. After the first of May eight hours and not a minute more."

[Image, People's Exhibit 92, Page 2]

Spies spoke as follows:

"There was a time when working men asked their extortioners to debate with them about the feasibility of shortening the working time. The extortioners had only a pitiful ironical smile for a reply. If these gentlemen condescend now out of fear and in anxious expectation to "counsel" with organized working men about this question, those false hypocrites should be given in reply the argument that the revolutionary working men of Chicago have given to-day---an argument which admits of no contradiction.

Twenty thousand organized self-conscious and resolute wage-workers are indeed a more powerful argument than the most logical and the nicest economic arguments. Behind every fist which is clinched in fierce bitternes in this assembly rests the Herculian power of the whole twenty thousand. Therefore, you are esteemed, therefore they condescend to treat with you to-day.

And when you have devined this secret noun, then make use of it like reasonable men. Be not beggars any longer or ask alms of those who have robbed them of their all. Be men now; break down the doors of your extortioners instead of timidly knocking on them. Conquer the lost manhood. After you have introduced the eight-hour day now then let there be no halt. Onward is the motto in the march of triumph. Until the last stone of the robber bastile is removed and enslaved humanity is free.

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