Haymarket Affair Digital Collection

Illinois vs. August Spies et al. trial evidence book. People's Exhibit 46.
The Alarm (Newspaper) article, "War With All Means," 1885 May 30

3 p.
Introduced into evidence during testimony of Eugene Seeger (Vol. K p. 627-634), 1886 July 29.
Transcript of article.

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People's Ex. 46.

THE ALARM, May 30, 1885.


(Translation from Freiheit).

In war now-a-days not only are daggers, fire-arms, shot slings, poison and explosive materials used, but fire is also a good and most effective weapon.

Napoleon I, experienced this to his disadvantage in Moscow, and the Prussians operated with petroleum in Paris in 1870, very successfully also. These are only two instances out of thousands. Among the first revolutionary means of war, the articles of fire are not to be left out. There is, for instance, a mixture of phosphor and bisulphide of carbon, which will be found a fluid of most wonderful effect. The following is the receipt for making it: Buy Wade's yellow (which differs from red) phosphor, to be had in sticks of four or five inches long, and one-half inch in diameter in any large drug store. A well-closed glass with a wide opening is used for its preservation, and it dare not be handled with bare hands, because it is too dangerous. To make the above mentioned fluid, take -- according to the quantity desired -- one or more sticks out of the glass by means of a fork or nippers, put it into a chinaware dish filled with water, and then cut it up with a knife or a pair of scissors

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into the size of beans while underneath the water. The tools are not to be used for anything else again. A flask, according to the quantity, -- one six ounce flask to a stick, or one 12 ounce flask to two sticks -- provided with a glass stopper (air-tight fit) is to be used. Fill this glass two-thirds full with the bisulphide of carbon; this fluid is colorless and easy to burn. Herein sink the cut phorphor to be drawn out of the water with the fork, then fill up the flask with the fluid; put the stopper on to it and shake slowly until the phosphorus is dissolved, and the stuff is ready. This mixture exposed to the air, as saturating cloth, paper, shavings or any other burnable material, in a very short time will set itself on fire. Further explanation about the practical use of it in the social war is not necessary, as every body will find out for himself where and how to use it. Experiments were made in France on the police, by which the latter, as objects for trial, got into a terrible heat. Another means of burning it is the following: A tomato can, with a well fitting cover is to be had most anywhere; take the cover and make a hole in it of the size of a one ounce bottle; then solder the cover to the box; fill the box with benzine; fill the bottle with gunpowder, put a fuse to it; stop it tight and then put the bottle into the hole; in order to have it fit very tight wrap cloth around, and a fire-bomb,

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easily ignited with a cigar, is ready. Such a bomb, properly lit and thrown into a high-toned dining-room of a private character, will undoubtedly create quite a sensation. The very moment the fire touches the powder it will cause the glass, benzine and box to explode, and around lies the burning fluid, setting everything on fire, what is of a burning material. Nobody will doubt that 100 men, each one provided with several bombs, and properly distributed over a town, in case of an uprising of the people, are able to perform more work than 20 batteries or artillery, and at the same time this all is very cheap and simple.


By A. A.

NOTE-- There are two kinds of this fluid, one spelled with t and the other with d; the one spelled bisulphide is right, the other will not answer the purpose.

In the foot note of the article in last issue on "Fulminates" it reads mashed instead of washed. The difference is too great, for whoever should try to mash fulminate of silver would never be able to wash it.

A. A.

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