According to the records of the Chicago Historical Society, this photograph pertains to an eight-hour strike in 1905-1906. It is hard to tell precisely what is happening, including who is trying to talk to whom and about what. It is of special interest here, however, because it supposedly involves Chicago Typographical Union No. 16, which is the same local that Albert Parsons joined when he arrived in Chicago in 1873. This organization was the first trade union in the city, established in 1852.

This photograph also illustrates that twenty years after Haymarket the eight-hour day remained a vital issue on the agenda of organized labor. Various different trades and companies continued to adopt the eight-hour day, but it was not the federally-legislated standard until the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938, which mandated the implementation of a forty-hour week by 1941.