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On October 21, less than two weeks after Judge Gary pronounced sentence, the eight convicted anarchists drew up and signed this handwritten contract establishing the Anarchist Publishing Association. The contract lists Labor Press Association as an alternate name. It allotted ten shares apiece—out of a total of 150 shares—to each of the defendants "in consideration of the copyright of the speeches at the Haymarket [i.e., the three delivered by Spies, Parsons, and Fielden] and in the courtroom as revised and corrected by them, and of whatever other publishing matter they may turn over to the Association." It named William H. Jackson, presumably a friend or associate of the accused, as secretary and treasurer of the association, with power to distribute the remaining seventy shares at his discretion.

The purpose of publishing the speeches was to raise money for the defendants' families and legal appeal, and to publicize their ideas and plight. The speeches given at the Haymarket rally by Spies and Parsons were published in 1886 by the Chicago Labor Press Association, apparently the same company named in the contract. The speeches delivered by the eight defendants in court before sentencing were published by the Socialistic Publishing Society (see the following entry), which owned the Arbeiter-Zeitung and which also published Dyer Lum's Concise History of the Great Trial of the Chicago Anarchists in 1886 (see the entry "Counterpoint" in the "Court of Public Opinion" section of Act III).