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Several of the suspects arrested in the police dragnet following the bombing were released on bail. Of the eight men tried, apparently only Oscar Neebe was granted bail, perhaps because the state always knew that though he was charged with murder, the case against him was weak. Neebe was among the first people questioned, and, as noted, police tore apart his home in search of incriminating evidence a few days later, but he was not arrested until May 27.

In this document, courtesy of the Clerk of the Circuit Court of Cook County Archives, Gustav Berlin posts bail for Neebe. Berlin, who offered his home and his blacksmith shop as surety, risked not only his property and his reputation in securing the release of someone connected with the case.

Berlin's is one of four such bail applications in Neebe's behalf, and together they offer some insight into the social network of the German-American community in Chicago, which included many hardworking small businessmen, skilled workers, and property owners. Neebe had been a metalworker, but, like Albert Parsons, was blacklisted following the railroad strike of 1877. At the time of Haymarket, he was part owner of a yeast company that did business with the large brewery trade in Chicago.