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Although virtually all of the jurors were—like the judge, attorneys, and defendants in the case—born and raised outside of Chicago, all except Andrew Hamilton were native-born Americans. Even he was a longtime local resident whose family came from relatively nearby Nova Scotia. Only George Adams, who had been a painter for several years, had substantial recent experience as a manual laborer. They were, indeed, gentlemen—not workingmen—of the jury.

The cultural background and experience of the jury, let alone their politics, were very different from those of the accused and the constituency the defendants claimed they represented. On the contrary, the members of the jury were very likely sympathetic to the businessmen who employed them or used the goods or services they provided, and who saw the anarchists as a dangerous element that must be removed. The composition of this body thus reflected special bailiff Henry Ryce's admitted intention to pack the jury pool with men who would hang the accused.

The defense attorneys noted this fact in court, and on July 14, shortly before the selection process had ended, submitted a motion challenging the array of those summoned. The first page of the four-page handwritten motion, from the Archives of the Circuit Court, is on view here.

The motion maintained that the jurors were not selected from the population of the county as a whole in the manner prescribed by law. They were instead "selected from a special class of community," i.e., "clerks, merchants and salesmen," whereas Cook County was composed of "different classes including laboring men, and skilled mechanics possessed of the statutory qualifications." Although the defense's additional contention in this motion that "no persons who are either laborers or skilled mechanics have been summoned to act as jurors in this case" was not absolutely true, it was for all practical purposes correct. And the few working men who were summoned had no chance of being approved by the prosecution.

In the meantime, the court provided for the welfare of those men who had been selected. Sequestered at the Revere House Hotel, on the southeast corner of Michigan (now Hubbard) and Clark Streets, one half a block from the Criminal Court building, jurors found their extended confinement in warm weather uncomfortable. With the permission of the attorneys, Gary approved Sunday carriage rides for the jurors, under the charge of the bailiffs and paid for by the county.

This was one of many such expenses, including a considerable sum for transporting and housing witnesses, incurred. What the police paid various informers is not a matter of record.